The album Damn The Torpedoes was released to critical acclaim in 1979 and was a great achievement for the band reaching No. 2 on the Billboard album chart and stayed for seven weeks featuring the single, Refugee.
Tom Petty said of this song:
“This was a reaction to the pressures of the music business. I wound up in a huge row with the record company when ABC Records tried to sell our contract to MCA Records without us knowing about it, despite a clause in our contract that said they didn’t have the right to do that. I was so angry with the whole system that I think that had a lot to do with the tone of the Damn the Torpedoes album. I was in this defiant mood. I wasn’t so conscious of it then, but I can look back and see what was happening. I find that’s true a lot. It takes some time usually before you fully understand what’s going on in a song – or maybe what led up to it.”
Heartbreakers guitarist Mike Campbell composed the music and Petty penned the lyrics. In a Songfacts discussion with Campbell, he explained to them regarding the recording method:
“That was a hard record to make. It was a 4-track that I made at my house. Tom wrote over the music as it was, no changes, but it took us forever to actually cut the track. We just had a hard time getting the feel right. We must have recorded that 100 times. I remember being so frustrated with it one day that – I think this is the only time I ever did this – I just left the studio and went out of town for two days. I just couldn’t take the pressure anymore, but then I came back and when we regrouped we were actually able to get it down on tape.”
In the US, Damn The Torpedoes was huge progress and helped the group grow huge fans. The record was No. 2 in the US for seven weeks, next to No. 1 by Pink Floyd’s The Wall.
“When we were at the studio mixing it, I remember this one girl who was working in reception, she came in and heard the mix and she said, ‘That’s a hit, that’s a hit,’ and we looked at each other and said, ‘Maybe it is.’ You don’t always know. Sometimes you think certain things are surefire and people just don’t latch on to them and other things they do. You know when it’s good or not, but you don’t always know if it’s a hit. A hit record a lot of times is more than just the song, it’s the timing, the climate you put it out in, what people are listening to and what they’re expecting to hear and if it touches a nerve at a certain time,” Mike Campbell explained.
Listen to the track below: